[swift-users] Trouble constraining a generic type in an extension

davesweeris at mac.com davesweeris at mac.com
Tue Apr 12 15:25:12 CDT 2016

Bool isn’t a class (or protocol), so nothing can inherit from it.

Until Swift gains the ability to extend generic types where their parameters are *equal* to concrete types, as opposed to where they *inherit from or conform to* something, I think the best you can do is this:
public extension check where T: BooleanType {
    public func isTrue() { XCTAssertTrue(actual.boolValue) }

I *think* the feature you’re trying to use is on the todo list for Swift 3, but the last time I said that, I was completely wrong. The swift-evolution mailing list probably has more information.

Anyway, I hope that helps.

- Dave Sweeris

> On Apr 12, 2016, at 11:11 AM, Jens Alfke via swift-users <swift-users at swift.org> wrote:
> I’ve got a simple generic struct that wraps an instance of its parameter type.
> public struct check<T> {
>     let actual: T
>     public init(_ a: T) {actual = a}
>     ...
> Now I want to add a method that only works with a specific type, Bool:
>     public func isTrue()    {XCTAssertTrue(actual)}
> As I’d expect, the compiler doesn’t allow this: “Cannot convert value of type ’T’ to expected argument type ‘Bool’”.
> So I’m trying to put this method in an extension that constrains T:
> public extension check<Bool> {
>     public func isTrue()    {XCTAssertTrue(actual)}
> }
> This fails with "Constrained extension must be declared on the unspecialized generic type 'check' with constraints specified by a 'where’ clause”. OK, so I add a ‘where’ clause:
> public extension check where T: Bool {
>     public func isTrue()    {XCTAssertTrue(actual)}
> }
> This produces the error "type 'T' constrained to non-protocol type ‘Bool’”. This confuses me — why is constraining to a non-protocol type an error? The Swift Programming Language says “the ‘where’ clause … can express the constraints that a generic type T inherits from a class C”.
> —Jens
> _______________________________________________
> swift-users mailing list
> swift-users at swift.org
> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-users

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