[swift-users] Compiler should issue a warning when a subclass implementation with default values matches a parent implementation without them

Rien Rien at Balancingrock.nl
Thu Jan 5 01:58:29 CST 2017

As you know. there is no ambiguity, no warnings needed.
(The parameter is part of the identifier of the function)

Imo, this request falls into the category “do as I think, not as I say”.

That is a discussion without end. Personally I am against ANY warnings of this kind. The reason is that I want my code to compile warnings free (default compiler behaviour) and I do not want an extra pragma in the code to instruct the compiler that when I am calling “foo()” I do indeed want to call “foo()”.


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> On 05 Jan 2017, at 03:29, Wagner Truppel via swift-users <swift-users at swift.org> wrote:
> Hello,
> I wasn’t sure whether to post this message here, at swift-dev, or at swift-evolution. so I’ll try here first. Hopefully it will get to the right group of people or, if not, someone will point me to the right mailing list.
> I came across a situation that boils down to this example:
> class Parent {
>    func foo() {
>        print("Parent foo() called")
>    }
> }
> class Child: Parent {
>    func foo(x: Int = 0) {
>        print("Child foo() called")
>    }
> }
> let c = Child()
> c.foo()  // prints "Parent foo() called"
> I understand why this behaves like so, namely, the subclass has a method foo(x:) but no direct implementation of foo() so the parent’s implementation is invoked rather than the child's. That’s all fine except that it is not very intuitive.
> I would argue that the expectation is that the search for an implementation should start with the subclass (which is does) but should look at all possible restrictions of parent implementations, including the restriction due to default values.
> At the very least, I think the compiler should emit a warning or possibly even an error.
> Thanks for reading.
> Cheers,
> Wagner
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