[swift-users] Guarding against an empty sequence

Shane S electro_alchemy at hotmail.com
Sun May 8 22:42:58 CDT 2016

I imagine `#underestimateCount()` is going to be your best bet, though you may not always see the results you desire

some notes:

1. most would argue that the results you are describing are correct: it is vacuously true that for an empty sequence _every_ element in the sequence will satisfy any predicate you give it

2. do you have the option to constrain this to CollectionType instead?

3. one option would be for you to grab the generator and iteratively send it `next()` on your own - that way you could check if it returns `nil` the first time that you call it (i.e. the sequence is empty) and return whatever you desire in that case

— Shane S

On May 8, 2016, at 7:16 PM, Adriano Ferreira via swift-users <swift-users at swift.org<mailto:swift-users at swift.org>> wrote:

Hi everyone!

I’m working on the following method:

extension SequenceType {

    /// Check if `predicate` is true for all elements of `self`
    /// - Parameter predicate: The predicate called on each element of `self`
    /// - Returns: True iff every element in `self` satisfies `predicate`, false otherwise

    func all(@noescape where predicate: Generator.Element throws -> Bool) rethrows -> Bool {
        for element in self where try !predicate(element) {
            return false

        return true

However, when the sequence is empty the method returns true, which is not the desired behaviour.

let a = [Int]()
let b = a.all(where: { $0 > 7 })
XCTAssertFalse(b)   // This fails, cause there’s no guard against an empty sequence

Does anyone know how to guard against an empty sequence?

I’m using Xcode 7.3.1 and Swift 2.2.


— A
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