[swift-evolution] Proposal proposal: @pure keyword

品雪 pinxue at gmail.com
Sat Jan 9 09:09:33 CST 2016

So you are talking about idempotence.

HTTP/1.1 defined it as:

Methods can also have the property of "idempotence" in that (aside from
error or expiration issues) the side-effects of N > 0 identical requests is
the same as for a single request.

On Sat, Jan 9, 2016 at 11:01 PM, Michel Fortin via swift-evolution <
swift-evolution at swift.org> wrote:

> Le 9 janv. 2016 à 8:16, Angelo Villegas via swift-evolution <
> swift-evolution at swift.org> a écrit :
> > I'm not yet really familiar with this term but correct me if I'm wrong,
> "pure" (function wise) means functions won't have access to global or
> static, and mutable variables through their arguments, right?
> This is actually the most important part to define. There are many ways to
> define it, each with different tradeoffs. Here are the two base ones:
> 1. Pure means that the function always return the same value given the
> same arguments, and has no side effects (it purely computes a result from
> its inputs), making it possible for the compiler, or a cache, to reuse the
> result from a previous call. This is the simplest definition, and it
> provide strong guaranties. Let's call that "strongly pure".
> 2. Pure just mean that the function has no access to global variables. It
> can only mutate "outside" things through inout parameters or pointers
> (including class references) passed to it by the caller. So in the general
> case you can't reuse the results. But you can use this function to mutate
> the state inside a strongly pure one. A strongly pure function in this case
> is one with no inout or pointer in the signature.
> It makes more sense to use (2) to define `@pure` in my opinion. Note that
> this is what the D language has done, after noticing it to be much more
> useful than what they had before before, which was (1).
> All that's good in theory, but there is a major detail that needs
> addressing. Memory allocation breaks the guaranties of a "strongly pure"
> function. For instance, if you return a newly allocated object, or a struct
> with a pointer to an object, the object is going to be a different one
> every time. That object is mutable memory, and returning a different chunk
> of mutable memory is quite different in semantics from returning the same
> one. If you want strong purity guaranties when returning objects (and thus
> be able to optimize by reusing the result from a previous call), there
> needs to be a way to return objects that have a language-enforced guaranty
> of immutability... same for structs that can have a pointer to an object or
> other memory. Without immutability guaranties, `@pure` has almost no
> optimization value.
> --
> Michel Fortin
> https://michelf.ca
> _______________________________________________
> swift-evolution mailing list
> swift-evolution at swift.org
> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution

Best Regards!

Yang Wu
Location: Pudong, Shanghai, China.
EMail    : pinxue at gmail.com
Website: http://www.time2change.mobi http://rockplayer.com
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